GALVANIC STRUCTURE (galvanization and electrophoresis of drugs)
It was named after the Italian scientist L. Galvani (1786), and its appearance was explained by J. Volt (1800), who is the originator of the first sources of galvanic electricity, Volta elements and batteries.
The use of direct current, constant voltage for the purpose of treatment.
The facts of galvanic current on the organism, as a secondary phenomenon are:
– Improvement of circulation (primary and reactive hyperaemia),
– Reduction of inflammation of tissue and improvement of local metabolism of tissue,
– Analgesic effect (pain relief),
– Short-term increase in tonus and muscle irritation,
– The introduction of drugs through the skin by electrophoresis (electrophoresis) combines the effect of the current itself and the medicinal substances.
Indications for applying galvanic current:
– Neuralgia, neuritis,
– Peripheral parasites and paralysis (accelerates nervous recovery, nutrition and their irritability),
– Myofascial syndrome,
– Periarthritis, bursitis, tendinitis, enthesopathy (inflammation of soft tissues around the joints),
– Arthrosis, arthritis (painful knees, hips, joints),
– Cervical and lumbar syndrome (pain syndromes in the neck and back),
– Posttraumatic edemas and hematomas, distortions, distances (soft tissue injuries),
– Peripheral circulation disorders (obliterative thrombangitis, obliterative arteriosclerosis, and Raynaud syndrome)
Contraindications for the application of galvanic current are:
– Skin defects at the site of application, eczema, dermatitis, youth,
– Acute pulmonary processes,
– Metal in the tissue,
– Malignant tumors and suspected malignant tumors,
– Febrile conditions,
– Bleeding and tendency to bleed,
– Decompensation of the heart, lungs, kidneys and liver,
– Cardiac pacemaker,
DIADYNAMIC CURRENT (DDS)
These are direct low-frequency impulse currents of the semi-sinusoidal shape. French dentist Pierre Bernard created them and introduced them into therapeutic application, so they are also called Bernard’s currents.
The most important therapeutic effects of these currents are:
– A strong analgesic effect (a rapid reduction in the painful feeling for a few hours),
– Stimulation of circulation – spreads blood vessels, reduces the island and hematoma,
– Reduces spasm (“spasm”) of the muscles and thus reduces pain,
– Muscle stimulation normally inserved after shorter or longer inactivity (sleep).
Indications for the application of DDS:
– Arthrosis and arthritis in the stage of severe pain,
– Cervical and lumbar syndrome,
– Neuralgia, neuritis,
– Distortion, contusion, subluxation (soft tissue injuries),
– Algodystrophic syndrome – Sudek’s syndrome,
– Posttraumatic contractions (stiffness of the joints),
– Peripheral circulation disorders (obliterated endarteritis, Reyna’s disease).
Contraindications for the application of DDS:
– General contraindications (febrile conditions, malignant tumors, bleeding and tendency to hemorrhage, decompensation of the heart, lungs, kidneys and liver, pregnancy),
– Acute and subacute thrombophlebitis and flebotrombosis (inflammation and deep vein thrombosis).
INTERFERENT CURRENT (IFS)
IFS are low-frequency alternating sinusoidal currents produced within the tissue by the interference of two medium-frequency currents. It was discovered by the Austrian scientist Nemec (Nemec”s currents). The advantage of these currents is that they achieve a therapeutic effect in the depth of the tissue.
Metal is not a contra-indication for applying these currents! This is very important in the treatment of bone fractures or other orthopedic interventions, when there are metal rails, screws … in the tissue.
The therapeutic effects of these currents are:
– improving nutrition and supply of tissue with oxygen, spreading blood vessels and faster removal of harmful metabolic products,
– Pain reduction – it is stronger than in other forms of electrotherapy,
– An irritant effect on the muscles,
– Improvement and acceleration of bone healing after fracture – creation of callus,
– Stimulation of the recovery of injured nerves.
Contraindications for the application of IFS:
– General KI,
– Acute and subacute thrombophlebitis, flebotrombosis,
– Cardiac pacemaker,
– Heart rhythm disorders.
EXPONENTIVE CURRENT (ES) muscle stimulation
These are DC currents (impulse), characterized by a gradual increase in intensity (exponential impulses).
The therapeutic significance of these currents is the selective stimulation of denervated muscles at injuries and damage to peripheral nerves.
Application Indications (ES):
– Peripheral paralysis and paralysis of injuries and damage of the nerves in order to prevent and treat hypotrophy and atrophy of muscle tissue.
TENS transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
Effective against pain of different origin:
The ease of use and the minimal number of contraindications allow the patient to control pain and reduce the use of drugs – analgesics without any side effects.
Contraindications for TENS application: